Women with heart problems today need flexible options for lifestyle programs that fit their busy schedules.
The study’s senior author stated, “Women prioritize others over themselves. The realities of modern life require women to address many family, community, social, and work-related demands. As a result, many feel they do not have time for heart rehabilitation. ” Jennifer Reid from the University of Ottawa, Canada.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in women worldwide; In 2015 it accounted for one-third of all female deaths.
After a cardiac event such as a heart attack, patients are advised to participate in cardiovascular rehabilitation for exercise training, lifestyle education, smoking cessation and psychological support.
According to the study published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, these programs improve fitness, quality of life, mental health and survival and reduce the risk of further events.
However, about 10–20 percent fewer women participate in cardiac rehabilitation than men, and women are more likely to go out (35 percent women quit versus 29 percent of men).
In contrast, women are high users of local exercise classes: many women attend at least 70 percent of the sessions on offer.
For the results, the authors reviewed a decade of literature that prevents women suffering from heart disease from cardiac rehabilitation, and features of local exercise programs (not specifically targeting people with heart disease) that overcome those barriers Can do.
According to the research team, several barriers to participation were identified. Some women see cardiac rehabilitation as a “men’s club”. Classes are scheduled and inconsistent with the women’s daily schedule.
Women do not enjoy the physical activity offered and it does not fit their needs: some find it physically demanding, while others want it to be more challenging.
The study states that women often lack social support and feel guilty for harassing their families.
Researchers identified ways to modernize cardiac rehabilitation and make it more attractive to women:
Offer enjoyable physical activity such as zumba, football, group walking, tai chi, qigong, technology-based balance exercises (such as Wii Fit), dance, dancing and Nordic walking. , They said.
Older women may benefit from exercise to help them perform daily activities (such as dressing, reaching a cupboard, getting out of a chair or bed) and reducing their risk of falling, while younger women are more challenging. May prefer activities like high intensity timeout training.
Researchers suggested providing flexible class times that suited the busy schedule of women.
Reid stated, “The high participation of women in group exercise classes in their neighborhoods shows that they enjoy a sense of community. Multi-site cardiac rehabilitation programs can help solve transportation issues and bring a sense of belonging, ”said Reid.